GBF 2015 Theme: Affordable Housing
Every country, big or small, rich or poor, aspires to provide its citizens with food on the plate and a roof over the head as a basic minimum program. As the world plunges headlong into the 21st century, India has transitioned from being treated as part of the Third World to keeping pace with the leaders of the developed world.And, it carries with it the hopes and aspirations of huge population of over 1.2 billion people.
Successive governments over the past many decades have tried to address the related issues formulating Schemes with varying degrees of success. Slum Rehabilitation Schemes, Low Cost Housing programs organised by both the Centre and individual States and School Mid day meals are a few examples of the efforts in this direction.
It is a widely held common belief that things given for free are never valued. Many slum rehabilitation schemes and programs appear to have suffered on this account. Hence the focus at this GBF is to discuss and plan on how the Industry with the help of Institutional Research from IIT and facilitation from the Govt can provide homes that are Affordable to a vast majority of the citizens of India.
Within each of the items listed above there exist multiple issues that need to be addressed and satisfactorily resolved. The GBF represents one such great opportunity where Industry, Institution and Government can meet with the objective of finding effective solutions for some of the issues and establishing the way forward for issues that cannot be resolved at this forum.
Within the realm of Physical Infrastructure itself there are multiple issues involved and there will be considerable areas of overlap with Smart Cities.
- Waterand Power- its availability and effective supply and distribution.
- Alternate energy such as Solar / Wind Energy and its viability.
- Clean Energy such as combined Gas based Power Plants
- Road and Rail connectivity between urban agglomerations
- Public Transport as a part of Town Planning and an efficient mode of travel for general publicviz Singapore and Hongkong as examples in the Asian context.
- Solid Waste Management- segregation of degradable and non degradable waste and their effective utilization.
- Sewage Treatment Plants
- Telecom ,Fibre Optic Connectivity and Wifi-
- Piped Cooking Gas
And providing Social Infrastructuresuch as Rain Water Harvesting, Water recycling, providing clean drinking water wouldbecome part of Healthcare.
The broad issues that can be easily enumerated are:
- Availability of land at an affordable price.
- Creation of a Destination through creation of Job opportunities in the newly developed area.
- Locations to which Physical Infrastructure can be reached optimally.
- Locations that lend themselves to the creation of Social Infrastructure
- Reduced cost of construction
- Reduced cost of Raw Materials or finding alternates, light weight materials
- Technology for faster /enhanced speed of construction
- Lower rate of Interest
- Popularizing REITS (Real Estate Investment Trusts) or equivalent Mortgaging facility
- Enhancing FSI as incentive (cross subsidy) for the developers to build affordable homes
- Appropriate use of raw material relative to the Seismic Zone ( Bhuj / Latur / Nepal recent examples in the Indian Sub Continent.
- Close attention to the environment for creating eco friendly designs
- Careful consideration of Maintenance / Recurring costs.
- Using Technology to provide Passive Cooling, using renewable, value out of waste etc.